Kodagu or Coorg called as the Scotland of India is a marvellous Hill Station located in the southern part of Karnataka. It is a small district of the state with the distinct culture, unique customs and Traditions. The Misty Hills, lush Green Valleys, evergreen forests, breathtaking waterfalls will definitely lure one’s eyes. The region is surrounded by coffee plantations, orange groves, cardamom, pepper plants and dense forests. Cauvery one of the major rivers of South India takes birth at Talakaveri in Coorg. The people of Kodagu are known for their hospitality and bravery. Coorg is connected to the other parts of the state and the neighbouring state of Kerala by road. One trip to Coorg and the memories will linger with you for the rest of your life.
Kodagu (Coorg), the thickly wooded grandeur on the Western Ghats, is the most beautiful Hill Station of Karnataka. It occupies an area of 4,102 square kilometres (1,584 sq mi) in the Western Ghats of southwestern Karnataka. Kodagu is well known in the world for coffee and its “brave warriors”. Madikeri is the headquarters of Kodagu. Kodagu is home to the native speakers of Kodava language.
Kodagu is located on the eastern slopes of the Western Ghats. It has a geographical area of 4,102 km2 (1,584 sq mi). The district is bordered by Dakshina Kannada district to the north-west, Hassan district to the north, Mysore district to the east, Kannur district of Kerala to the south-west, and Wayanad district of Kerala to the south.It is a hilly district, the lowest elevation of which is 900 metres (3,000 ft) above sea-level. The highest peak, Tadiandamol, rises to 1,750 metres (5,740 ft), with Pushpagiri, the second highest, at 1,715 metres (5,627 ft).
The main river in Kodagu is the Kaveri (Cauvery), which originates at Talakaveri, located on the eastern side of the Western Ghats, and with its tributaries, drains the greater part of Kodagu. Kodagu is considered rich with wildlife and has three wildlife sanctuaries and one national park: the Brahmagiri, Talakaveri, and Pushpagiri Wildlife Sanctuaries, and the Nagarhole National Park, also known as the Rajiv Gandhi National Park. The principal town and district capital are Madikeri, or Mercara, with a population of around 30,000. Other significant towns include Virajpet (Virarajendrapet), Kushalanagara, Somwarpet and Gonikoppal. The district is divided into the three administrative talukas: Madikeri, Virajpet and Somwarpet.
Kodagu(Coorg )is famous for oranges and coffee plantation.This region also is famous for spices. pepper, cardamoms etc can be seen. Much of Kodagu is used for agriculture. Characteristically and historically, paddy fields are found on the valley floors, with Coffee and pepper agroforestry in the surrounding hills mainly near Madikeri. The most common plantation crop is coffee, especially Coffea robusta variety. Kodagu is the second coffee production region in India, after the Baba Budangiri hills in Chikkamagaluru district. Coffee revenue helped Kodagu to become one the richest districts in India.
The forests of Kodagu are still home to wild elephants, who often crash into plantations on jackfruit raids, and other wildlife. Coorg, located on the slopes of the Western Ghats, has abundant forest wealth, covering over 30 per cent of the total area of the district. Coorg is famous for its “sacred forests” granted by the erstwhile rulers, adjoining village temples or local deities. These forests have helped in maintaining the ecological balance in the area. Rosewood is the most valuable timber found in abundance in the area which is generally used for making furniture. Sandalwood is also found in Coorg.
From the 2nd to the 6th century, the Kadambas ruled its northern province. The southern parts were successively connected to the Ganga Dynasty from the 4th to the 11th century. After a war with the Gangas in the 11th century, the Cholas emerged as the sole rulers of the whole of Kodagu. During the 12th century the Hoysalas, who were in Belur, Hassan district, drove away from the Cholas from Kodagu. From the 14th century, the Vijayanagara Kings ruled supreme. After their fall, the local chieftains or Nayaks and Palegars became independent and started ruling from wherever they stayed. More....